Emergency Service Zones represent the defined geographic service area of a unique combination of police, fire and emergency medical services (EMS) responders.
In the current State 9-1-1 system, there is a unique combination of police, fire and EMS that respond to any given location. Each unique combination of services is represented by a distinct Emergency Service Number (ESN). The ESN is linked to a set of numbered address ranges on street segments for every community in the Commonwealth in a table called the Master Street Address Guide (MSAG). The Emergency Service Zone (ESZ) polygon layer is a geographic representation of this assignment.
The ESZ polygons are aggregated from tax parcel data (using the addresses found in the tax lists) and from the official town boundaries of the Commonwealth. The boundaries were reviewed with each community and the coverage was changed based on input from individuals from the respective towns. Because of differences in available resources and appointment of responsibility, the review process varied. Participants who often took part in the review included Police and Fire Chiefs, 911 Liaisons as well as other members of town.
This layer, named MAD.MAD_EMERGENCY_SERVICE_ZONES, was developed in anticipation of the Next Generation 9-1-1 requirement to route calls to Public Safety Answering Points based on the geographic location of the caller. A shapefile export of the spatial view MAD.MADV_EMERGENCY_SERVICE_ZONES is distributed to the public.
Emergency Service Zones are polygon features that represent the defined geographic service area of a unique combination of police, fire and EMS emergency responders. The process for creating these polygons was essentially a matching exercise between the MSAG and parcels for a given town. Streets names were compared and parcels were selected where the street name matched and the parcel address was within the MSAG range. Areas of ambiguity, where the parcel address did not match an MSAG range or value exactly, were assigned an ESN based on an individual evaluation. The age of the parcel data used varied by town. The polygons for the towns that have no MSAG community are usually identical to those in TOWNSURVEY_POLYM (multipart version of the Mass. Survey Towns, TOWNSURVEY_POLY) except where specific overlap/underlap situations have been identified. These situations occur because of physical access or other issues, where the parcel is not actually within the legally defined boundary of the responding community.
AttributesThe ESZ polygons have the following fields:
|TOWN||NVARCHAR2(21)||Official town name. Value determined by the geographic location of the ESZ polygon relative to towns.|
|TOWN_ID||NUMBER(5)||Unique identifier for towns. Corresponds to the Town value.|
|MSAG_COMM||NVARCHAR2(20)||Master Street Address Guide (MSAG) Community name. Value determined from a tabular lookup from parcel addresses to the MSAG.|
|ESN||NUMBER(5)||Emergency Service Number (ESN). Defined as a three to five digit number representing a unique combination of emergency service agencies (Law Enforcement, Fire, and Emergency Medical Service) designated to serve a specific range of addresses within a particular geographical area, or Emergency Service Zone (ESZ). The ESN facilitates selective routing and selective transfer, if required, to the appropriate PSAP and the dispatching of the proper service agency (ies).|
|PSAP_ID||NVARCHAR2(6)||PSAP identification number assigned by the FCC.|
|PRIMARY_PS||NVARCHAR2(100)||PSAP name obtained from MA911.|
|EDIT_DATE||DATE||Date polygon last edited.|
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